Journal of food science and technology

Determination of anthocyanins and non-anthocyanin polyphenols by ultra performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (UPLC/ESI-MS) in jussara (Euterpe edulis) extracts.

PMID 28720971


This work aimed to propose two analytical methods for the quantitative and qualitative analysis of major anthocyanins and non-anthocyanin phenolic compounds in jussara (Euterpe edulis) extracts, using ultra performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. These methods were evaluated for selectivity, precision, linearity, detection and quantification limits. The complete separation of 5 anthocyanins and 22 non-anthocyanins polyphenols was achieved in 4.5 and 7 min, respectively. Limits of detection ranged from 0.55 to 9.24 µg/L, with relative standard deviation for concentration up to 7.0%. In jussara extract, 13 of the 27 analytes were characterized. The dominant compound was cyanidin-3-O-rutinoside, representing about 73% of the total phenolic compounds content (approximately 23 mg/g of extract in dry weight). Other phenolic compounds found in the extract were: cyanidin-3-O-glucoside, pelargonidin-3-O-glucoside, quercetin, rutin, myricetin, kaempferol, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside, luteolin, apigenin, catechin, ellagic acid and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid.