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The Journal of biological chemistry

IMP dehydrogenase from the intracellular parasitic protozoan Eimeria tenella and its inhibition by mycophenolic acid.


PMID 2873141

Abstract

Mycophenolic acid (MA) was demonstrated to be an effective inhibitor of the growth of the intracellular parasitic protozoan Eimeria tenella in tissue culture and guanine was shown to reverse this inhibition as expected for an inhibitor of IMP dehydrogenase (IMP:NAD+ oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.1.205). A high performance liquid chromatography study of the intracellular nucleotide pools labeled with [3H]hypoxanthine was carried out in host cells lacking hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase, and the depletion of guanine nucleotides demonstrated that the intracellular parasite enzyme was being inhibited by the drug. Kinetic studies carried out on the enzyme derived from E. tenella oocysts demonstrated substrate inhibition by NAD and mycophenolic acid inhibition similar to that found for mammalian enzymes, but different from that for bacterial enzymes. The inhibition by mycophenolic acid was not time-dependent and was immediately reversed upon dilution. As found previously for other IMP dehydrogenases, an Ordered Bi-Bi mechanism prevails with IMP on first followed by NAD, NADH off first, and then XMP. The kinetic patterns are consistent with substrate inhibition at high concentrations of NAD due to the formation of an E X XMP X NAD complex. Uncompetitive inhibition by MA versus IMP, NAD, and K+ was found and this was interpreted as evidence for the formation of an E X XMP X MA complex. A speculative mechanism for the inhibition of the enzyme is offered which is consistent with the fact that E X XMP X MA readily forms, whereas E X IMP X MA does not.