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Scientific reports

Tannic acid as a plant-derived polyphenol exerts vasoprotection via enhancing KLF2 expression in endothelial cells.


PMID 28751752

Abstract

The transcription factor Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) is a critical anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic molecule in vascular endothelium. Enhancing KLF2 expression and activity improves endothelial function and prevents atherosclerosis. However, the pharmacological and molecular regulators for KLF2 are scarce. Using high-throughput luciferase reporter assay to screen for KLF2 activators, we have identified tannic acid (TA), a polyphenolic compound, as a potent KLF2 activator that attenuates endothelial inflammation. Mechanistic studies suggested that TA induced KLF2 expression in part through the ERK5/MEF2 pathway. Functionally, TA markedly decreased monocyte adhesion to ECs by reducing expression of adhesion molecule VCAM1. Using lung ECs isolated from Klf2