Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)

Lamtor1 Is Critically Required for CD4+ T Cell Proliferation and Regulatory T Cell Suppressive Function.

PMID 28768723


Mechanistic target of rapamycin complex (mTORC)1 integrates intracellular sufficiency of nutrients and regulates various cellular functions. Previous studies using mice with conditional knockout of mTORC1 component proteins (i.e., mTOR, Raptor, and Rheb) gave conflicting results on the roles of mTORC1 in CD4+ T cells. Lamtor1 is the protein that is required for amino acid sensing and activation of mTORC1; however, the roles of Lamtor1 in T cells have not been investigated. In this article, we show that Lamtor1-deficient CD4+ T cells exhibited marked reductions in proliferation, IL-2 production, mTORC1 activity, and expression of purine- and lipid-synthesis genes. Polarization of Th17 cells, but not Th1 and Th2 cells, diminished following the loss of Lamtor1. Accordingly, CD4-Cre-driven Lamtor1-knockout mice exhibited reduced numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells at rest, and they were completely resistant to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. In contrast, genetic ablation of Lamtor1 in Foxp3+ T cells resulted in severe autoimmunity and premature death. Lamtor1-deficient regulatory T cells survived ex vivo as long as wild-type regulatory T cells; however, they exhibited a marked loss of suppressive function and expression of signature molecules, such as CTLA-4. These results indicate that Lamtor1 plays essential roles in CD4+ T cells. Our data suggest that Lamtor1 should be considered a novel therapeutic target in immune systems.

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