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Oncology letters

Melatonin-induced KiSS1 expression inhibits triple-negative breast cancer cell invasiveness.


PMID 28781689

Abstract

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in women, and its metastasis increases the risk of mortality. Melatonin, a hormone that regulates the circadian rhythm, has been revealed to inhibit breast cancer growth and metastasis. However, its involvement in highly metastatic triple-negative breast cancer cells is yet to be elucidated. The present study demonstrated that melatonin inhibited the metastatic abilities of triple-negative breast cancer cells and prolonged its inhibitory effect via the expression of kisspeptin (KiSS1), which is a suppressor of metastasis. Melatonin at concentrations ranging from 1 nM to 10 µM did not affect the proliferation of metastatic MDA-MB-231 and HCC-70 triple-negative breast cancer cells. However, melatonin repressed invasiveness in triple-negative breast cancer cells. Additionally, conditional medium from melatonin-treated MDA-MB-231 cells repressed the invasiveness of triple-negative breast cancer cells. Melatonin promoted the production of KiSS1, a metastasis suppressor encoded by the