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Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)

Improvements in Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Young Adults in a Randomized Trial of Approaches to Weight Gain Prevention.


PMID 28782918

Abstract

Weight gain occurs commonly in young adults and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Following on a previous report that two self-regulation interventions reduced weight gain relative to control, this study examines whether these interventions also benefit CVD risk factors. The Study of Novel Approaches to Weight Gain Prevention was a randomized trial in two academic settings (N = 599; 18-35 years; BMI 21-30 kg/m Although Large Changes was associated with more beneficial changes in glucose, insulin, and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance than Control, these differences were not significant after adjusting for multiple comparisons or 2-year weight change. Comparison of participants grouped by percent weight change from baseline to 2 years showed significant differences for several CVD risk factors, with no interaction with treatment condition. Magnitude of weight change, rather than specific weight gain prevention interventions, was related to changes in CVD risk factors in young adults.