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Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA

Cholecystectomy decreased the recurrent cholangitis after clearance of bile duct stones by ERCP in patients with gallstone-related cholangitis.


PMID 28803891

Abstract

This study assessed whether cholecystectomy can decrease recurrent cholangitis and all-cause mortality in patients who received endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with sphincterotomy and successful clearance of bile duct (BD) stones after gallstone-related cholangitis. We analyzed data from the National Health Insurance research database of Taiwan. Patients who had gallstone-related cholangitis and underwent successful endoscopic clearance of BD stones were eligible for enrollment. This population-based, propensity score (PS)-matched cohort study involved 2 cohorts; (1) patients who underwent cholecystectomy after ERCP with BD stone clearance as the study group; and (2) those who had no cholecystectomy after ERCP with BD stone clearance as the control group. The primary endpoint was recurrent cholangitis, and the secondary endpoint was all-cause mortality. During a mean 5.7-year follow-up, the incidence rates of recurrent cholangitis were 20.47 per 1000 person-years in the cholecystectomy cohort, and 34.60 per 1000 person-years in the PS-matched control cohort. The risk of recurrent cholangitis was significantly lower in the cholecystectomy cohort than in the control cohort (HR, 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.45-0.87; P = 0.006). The HR for all cause mortality among the cholecystectomy cohort was 0.70 (95% CI, 0.54-0.90; P = 0.006) compared with the control cohort. Cholecystectomy decreased the recurrent cholangitis and all-cause mortality in patients with endoscopic sphincterotomy and successful clearance of BD stones after gallstone-related cholangitis.