Biochemical and biophysical research communications

miR-199a-3p affects adipocytes differentiation and fatty acid composition through targeting SCD.

PMID 28803985


Body fat mass is closely associated to diseases related to obesity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miR) are important regulatory molecules that function as post-transcriptional gene regulators of adipocyte development. In the current study, we revealed that reduced expression of miR-199a-3p in adipose tissue resulting from high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity in mice. Overexpression of miR-199a-3p promoted adipocyte proliferation by regulating the expression of regulating factors of the cell cycle. Furthermore, miR-199a-3p blunted lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. This was accompanied by a marked decrease in the expression of adipocyte-specific genes involved in lipogenic transcription, fatty acid synthesis, and fatty acid transportation. Furthermore, the fatty acid oxidation process was enhanced. Luciferase activity assays confirmed that miR-199a-3p regulates adipocyte differentiation by directly targeting the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD). Moreover, miR-199a-3p regulates fatty acid composition by decreasing the ratio of unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) in adipocytes transfected with miR-199a-3p mimics. These results suggest that miR-199a-3p may promote adipocyte proliferation, while also repressing adipocyte differentiation by down-regulating SCD and changing fatty acid composition during adipogenesis.