Science China. Life sciences

Conversion of the high-yield salinomycin producer Streptomyces albus BK3-25 into a surrogate host for polyketide production.

PMID 28812299


An ideal surrogate host for heterologous production of various natural products is expected to have efficient nutrient utilization, fast growth, abundant precursors and energy supply, and a pronounced gene expression. Streptomyces albus BK3-25 is a high-yield industrial strain producing type-I polyketide salinomycin, with a unique ability of bean oil utilization. Its potential of being a surrogate host for heterologous production of PKS was engineered and evaluated herein. Firstly, introduction of a three-gene cassette for the biosynthesis of ethylmalonyl-CoA resulted in accumulation of ethylmalonyl-CoA precursor and salinomycin, and subsequent deletion of the salinomycin biosynthetic gene cluster resulted in a host with rich supplies of common polyketide precursors, including malonyl-CoA, methylmalonyl-CoA, and ethylmalonyl-CoA. Secondly, the energy and reducing force were measured, and the improved accumulation of ATP and NADPH was observed in the mutant. Furthermore, the strength of a series of selected endogenous promoters based on microarray data was assessed at different growth phases, and a strong constitutive promoter was identified, providing a useful tool for further engineered gene expression. Finally, the potential of the BK3-25 derived host ZXJ-6 was evaluated with the introduction of the actinorhodin biosynthetic gene cluster from Streptomyces coelicolor, and the heterologous production of actinorhodin was obtained. This work clearly indicated the potential of the high-yield salinomycin producer as a surrogate host for heterologous production of polyketides, although more genetic manipulation should be conducted to streamline its performance.