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Pre-initiation complex assembly functions as a molecular switch that splits the Mcm2-7 double hexamer.


PMID 28818838

Abstract

Initiation of chromosomal DNA replication in eukaryotes involves two steps: licensing and firing. In licensing, a core component of the replicative helicase, the Mcm2-7 complex, is loaded onto replication origins as an inactive double hexamer, which is activated in the firing step by firing factors. A reaction intermediate called the pre-initiation complex (pre-IC) has been proposed to assemble transiently during firing, but the existence of the pre-IC has not yet been confirmed. Here, we show, by systematic chromatin immunoprecipitation, that a distinct intermediate that fits the definition of the pre-IC assembles during firing in the budding yeast

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