Scientific reports

Regulation of androgen receptor signaling by ubiquitination during folliculogenesis and its possible dysregulation in polycystic ovarian syndrome.

PMID 28860512


Although chronic hyperandrogenism suppresses antral follicular development, a phenomenon often observed in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), whether and how deregulation of androgen receptor (AR) signaling is involved, is not well understood. In the present study, we examined the role of ring finger protein 6 (RNF6) in AR ubiquitination and the possible dysregulation in the expression and actions of growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and kit-ligand (Kitlg) in a chronic androgenized PCOS rat model. 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treatment in vivo inhibited antral follicle growth, a response mediated through increased RNF6 content, suppressed K63- but increased K48-linked AR ubiquitination as well as the mRNA expression and content of soluble KIT-L (sKitlg) and content of GDF9. These androgenic responses were attenuated by gonadotropin treatment in vivo. Growth of antral follicles from DHT-treated rats in vitro was significantly slower when compared to those of control but was significantly enhanced by exogenous GDF9, suggesting the DHT-induced antral follicular growth arrest is in part the results of GDF9 suppression. Our findings indicate how hyperandrogenism modulates RNF6 content and subsequently AR ubiquitination, resulting in antral follicle growth arrest in a chronically androgenized PCOS rat model.

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Sodium selenite, anhydrous, ≥95.0% (RT)