Turkish journal of anaesthesiology and reanimation

Comparing the Effects of Combined General/Epidural Anaesthesia and General Anaesthesia on Serum Cytokine Levels in Radical Cystectomy.

PMID 28868167


Surgical stress combined with general anaesthesia (GA) suppresses the immune system and leads to cancer cell growth and premature metastasis in major oncological interventions. Epidural analgesia decreases the need for inhalation agents and opioids during surgery by suppressing sympathetic and neuroendocrine responses in the postoperative period. This study aimed to compare the effects of combined general/epidural anaesthesia (GEA)+patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) and GA+IV patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) on serum tumour necrosis factor-alpha TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) levels in patients undergoing radical cystectomy. Sixty-five patients were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients were randomly enrolled to the GEA group, i.e., combined GEA+ PCEA (0.1% bupivacaine+1 μg mL-1 fentanyl), and the GA group, namely combined GA+IV PCA (0.03 mg mL-1 morphine). To evaluate the cytokine response, blood samples were collected at preoperative, postoperative 1st and 24th hours. There was no statistically significant difference in serum TNF-α, IL-1β and IFN-γ levels between groups GA and GEA at preoperative and postoperative 1st hour and 24th hour. Total remifentanil consumption was significantly lower and length of hospital stay was significantly shorter in the GEA group than in the GA group (p<0.05). There is no difference between two anaesthesia methods in terms of serum cytokine levels; however, combined GEA+PCEA technique appeared to be superior to GA+IV PCA because of lower intraoperative narcotic analgesic consumption and shorter hospital stay.