Physiology and molecular biology of plants : an international journal of functional plant biology

Comparative proteomic analysis of autotetraploid and diploid Paulownia tomentosa reveals proteins associated with superior photosynthetic characteristics and stress adaptability in autotetraploid Paulownia.

PMID 28878499


To enlarge the germplasm resource of Paulownia plants, we used colchicine to induce autotetraploid Paulownia tomentosa, as reported previously. Compared with its diploid progenitor, autotetraploid P. tomentosa exhibits better photosynthetic characteristics and higher stress resistance. However, the underlying mechanism for its predominant characteristics has not been determined at the proteome level. In this study, isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was employed to compare proteomic changes between autotetraploid and diploid P. tomentosa. A total of 1427 proteins were identified in our study, of which 130 proteins were differentially expressed between autotetraploid and diploid P. tomentosa. Functional analysis of differentially expressed proteins revealed that photosynthesis-related proteins and stress-responsive proteins were significantly enriched among the differentially expressed proteins, suggesting they may be responsible for the photosynthetic characteristics and stress adaptability of autotetraploid P. tomentosa. The correlation analysis between transcriptome and proteome data revealed that only 15 (11.5%) of the differentially expressed proteins had corresponding differentially expressed unigenes between diploid and autotetraploid P. tomentosa. These results indicated that there was a limited correlation between the differentially expressed proteins and the previously reported differentially expressed unigenes. This work provides new clues to better understand the superior traits in autotetraploid P. tomentosa and lays a theoretical foundation for developing Paulownia breeding strategies in the future.