Journal of cell science

Lipopolysaccharide modulates p300 and Sirt1 to promote PRMT1 stability via an SCFFbxl17-recognized acetyldegron.

PMID 28883095


E3 ubiquitin ligase recognizes its protein substrates via specific molecular signatures for ubiquitin proteasomal degradation. However, the role of acetylation/deacetylation in the process of E3 ubiquitin ligase recognizing its protein substrates is not fully studied. Here, we report that a tandem IK motif in protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) forms an acetyldegron to recruit the F-box/LRR-repeat protein 17 (FBXL17), a component of the SKP1-CUL1-F-box protein (SCF)-type E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. PRMT1 is polyubiquitylated for proteasome degradation with a half-life of approximately 4 h in lung epithelial cells. SCFFbxl17 mediates PRMT1 polyubiquitylation at K117. SCFFbxl17 specifically binds PRMT1 via a unique motif IKxxxIK. Strikingly, the acetylation/deacetylation status of the lysine residues within the motif determines Fbxl17 binding. Deacetylation on both K200 and K205 by Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) and acetylation of p300 (EP300) on K205 collaboratively prepare the motif for SCFFbxl17 binding thereby triggering PRMT1 protein degradation. Pathogen-derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS) downregulates Sirt1 and p300 to protect PRMT1 from degradation. This study demonstrates that LPS promotes PRMT1 stability by blockade of PRMT1 and SCFFbxl17 binding via an acetylation/deacetylation-modified acetyldegron; and LPS-elevated levels of PRMT1 lead to bronchial epithelial cell overgrowth in pulmonary inflammatory diseases.