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Journal of biomaterials applications

Photo-cross-linked biodegradable hydrogels based on n-arm-poly(ethylene glycol), poly(ε-caprolactone) and/or methacrylic acid for controlled drug release.


PMID 28899224

Abstract

In this paper, a novel kind of photo-cross-linked biodegradable hydrogels based on n-arm-poly(ethylene glycol) ( n = 2, 3, and 4) and poly(ɛ-caprolactone) was prepared by ultraviolet-initiated free radical polymerization. The resulting n-arm-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ɛ-caprolactone) and n-arm-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ɛ-caprolactone) acrylate (n-arm-PEG-PCL-AC, macromer) were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance and fourier transform infrared spectra. The influences of arm numbers and concentration of macromer on the properties of hydrogel were researched systematically, and the results showed that the gelation time, equilibrium swelling ratio, in vitro degradation, and drug release rate decreased with the increase of arm numbers and concentration of macromer. The degradation and drug release rate could be controlled by varying the cross-linking density of hydrogel, indicating a potential application as controlled drug delivery system. Cytotoxicity test of hydrogel extracts was conducted using L929 mouse fibroblasts, and the relative growth rate exceeded 75% (cytotoxicity type: class 1) after incubation for 24 h, showing excellent cytocompatibility. In addition, the paper presented a pH-sensitive hydrogel (G4

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