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Environmental science & technology

Enantioselective Phytotoxicity of Dichlorprop to Arabidopsis thaliana: The Effect of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes and the Role of Fe.


PMID 28906105

Abstract

The ecotoxicology effects of chiral herbicides have long been recognized and have drawn increasing attention. The toxic mechanisms of herbicides in plants are involved in production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cause damage to target enzymes, but the relationship between these two factors in the enantioselectivity of chiral herbicides has rarely been investigated. Furthermore, even though cytochromes P450 enzymes (CYP450s) have been related to the phytotoxicity of herbicides, their roles in the enantioselectivity of chiral herbicides have yet to be explored. To solve this puzzle, the CYP450s suicide inhibitor 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT) was added to an exposure system made from dichlorprop (DCPP) enantiomers in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. The results indicated that different phytotoxicities of DCPP enantiomers by causing oxidative stress and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase) damage were observed in the presence and the absence of ABT. The addition of ABT decreased the toxicity of (R)-DCPP but was not significantly affected that of (S)-DCPP, resulting in smaller differences between enantiomers. Furthermore, profound differences were also observed in Fe uptake and distribution, exhibiting different distribution patterns in A. thaliana leaves exposed to DCPP and ABT, which helped bridge the relationship between ROS production and target enzyme ACCase damage through the function of CYP450s. These results offer an opportunity for a more-comprehensive understanding of chiral herbicide action mechanism and provide basic evidence for risk assessments of chiral herbicides in the environment.

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45436
Dichlorprop, PESTANAL®, analytical standard
C9H8Cl2O3