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Endocrinology

Calreticulin Is Involved in Invasion of Human Extravillous Trophoblasts Through Functional Regulation of Integrin β1.


PMID 28938427

Abstract

Calreticulin (CRT), a molecular chaperone in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), plays a variety of roles in cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, immunity, and cancer biology. It has been reported that CRT is expressed in the human placenta, although its function in placental development is poorly understood. Appropriate invasion of extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs) into the maternal decidua is necessary for successful pregnancy. The objective of the present study was to investigate the expression and functional role of CRT in EVTs using the human EVT cell line HTR8/SVneo, in which CRT gene expression was knocked down. We found that CRT was highly expressed in the human placenta in the early stage of pregnancy and localized to the EVTs. CRT knockdown markedly suppressed the invasion ability of HTR8/SVneo cells. Furthermore, the adhesion to fibronectin was suppressed in the CRT-knockdown cells via the dysfunction of integrin α5β1. In the CRT-knockdown cells, terminal sialylation and fucosylation were decreased, and the core galactose-containing structure was increased in the N-glycans of integrin β1. In addition, the expression levels of several critical glycosyltransferases were changed in the CRT-knockdown cells, consistent with the changes in the N-glycans. These results showed that CRT regulates the function of integrin β1 by affecting the synthesis of N-glycans in HTR8/SVneo cells. Collectively, the results of the present study demonstrate that the ER chaperone CRT plays a regulatory role in the invasion of EVTs, suggesting the importance of CRT expression in placental development during early pregnancy.