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Cellular signalling

Loss of Reelin protects mice against arterial thrombosis by impairing integrin activation and thrombus formation under high shear conditions.


PMID 28943410

Abstract

Reelin is a secreted glycoprotein and essential for brain development and plasticity. Recent studies provide evidence that Reelin modifies platelet actin cytoskeletal dynamics. In this study we sought to dissect the contribution of Reelin in arterial thrombus formation. Here we analyzed the impact of Reelin in arterial thrombosis ex vivo and in vivo using Reelin deficient (reeler) and wildtype mice. We found that Reelin is secreted upon platelet activation and mediates signaling via glycoprotein (GP)Ib, the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and apolipoprotein E receptor 2 (ApoER2) to induce activation of Akt, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk), SYK and Phospholipase Cγ2. Moreover, our data identifies Reelin as first physiological ligand for platelet APP. Platelets from reeler mice displayed attenuated platelet adhesion and significantly reduced thrombus formation under high shear conditions indicating an important role for Reelin in GPIb-dependent integrin α

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