Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie

Esculetin ameliorates vascular perturbation by intervening in the occupancy of H2BK120Ub at At1, At2, Tgfβ1 and Mcp1 promoter gene in thoracic aorta of IR and T2D rats.

PMID 28946194


Micro and macro vascular complications under diabetic condition are the responses to pathological stimuli exerted by up regulated renin angiotensin system (RAS) via deteriorating vascular physiology. Up-regulated RAS could influence in the adaptive mechanisms of target tissues to alter the abundance of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1) and angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2). Such differential regulation of AT1 and AT2 have been reported to be associated with post-translational histone modifications (PTHMs). Additionally, recent evidences provide, esculetin (6,7-dihydroxycoumarin) reverses post-translational histone modifications (PTHMs) in diabetic cardiomyopathy and nephropathy. On account of these evidences, we further pursued this study to investigate the effects of esculetin on PTHMs in progressive vascular complications under insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetic (T2D) conditions. Esculetin treatment in both IR and T2D conditions substantially improved vascular reactivity, increased eNos and decreased Vcam1 mRNA levels, and reduced collagen deposition in rat thoracic aorta. Further, the fold changes in At1 and At2 receptor mRNA in IR and T2D were reversed by esculetin treatment. Modifications in histone H2B lysine 120 monoubiquitination (H2BK120Ub) were also reversed in esculetin treatment group. Further, modification in the occupancy of H2BK120Ub at At1a, At2, Tgfβ and Mcp1 promoter genes was evidenced by treatment with esculetin. Taken together, our investigation concluded with the involvement of esculetin in the amelioration of vascular perturbation by modifying H2BK120Ub along with occupancy at At1, At2, Tgfβ1 and Mcp1 promoter gene.