Clinical therapeutics

A Thorough QT/QTc Study of Clobazam in Healthy Volunteers.

PMID 28958437


A thorough QT study was conducted to assess the proarrhythmic potential of clobazam and its active metabolite, N-desmethylclobazam (N-CLB). In this Phase I, single-site, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group study, healthy participants were randomized to 1 of 4 treatment groups: clobazam 40 mg/d (maximum therapeutic dosage), clobazam 160 mg/d (supratherapeutic dosage), placebo, or moxifloxacin 400 mg (active control). Of 280 enrolled participants (n = 70 per treatment arm), 250 (92%) completed the study; 194 were included in the pharmacokinetics population (clobazam 40 mg/d, n = 66; clobazam 160 mg/d, n = 62; and moxifloxacin, n = 66). Mean changes from baseline in QT interval placebo-corrected for heart rate using the Fridericia formula (primary end point), Bazett formula, and individual correction method (QTcF, QTcB, and QTcI, respectively) with clobazam 40 and 160 mg/d revealed no effect on QTc. No clinically relevant or treatment-related arrhythmias were observed, and there were no instances of second- or third-degree atrioventricular block. Given that clobazam is primarily demethylated to N-CLB by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme, CYP3A4, the mean plasma time-concentration profile of clobazam was unchanged with the exclusion of CYP2C19 poor metabolizers. As N-CLB is metabolized by CYP2C19, the exclusion of CYP2C19 poor metabolizers resulted in slightly decreased mean plasma time-concentration profiles of N-CLB. Using a linear mixed-effects model, the effects of the clobazam and N-CLB C The findings from this thorough QT study are consistent with existing clinical data and support the lack of proarrhythmic potential with clobazam.

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