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Archives of gynecology and obstetrics

Conservative endovascular management of retained placenta accreta with marked vascularity after abortion or delivery.


PMID 28980065

Abstract

To report our experience on the value of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) or transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for the uterus-preserving management of retained placenta accreta with marked vascularity after abortion or delivery. Thirty-eight consecutive women with retained placenta accreta were retrospectively analyzed over a 5-year period. When elevated levels of serum β-hCG (> 25 mIU/mL) were detected, TACE with dactinomycin was chosen for devascularization along with cytotoxic effects on active trophoblasts; in contrast, if the serum β-hCG level was low (≤ 25 mIU/mL), TAE was chosen. After confirming devascularization, the additional need for hysteroscopic resection and systemic methotrexate administration was individually determined. The most frequent sign and symptom in the abortion group was significant hemorrhaging, while a hypervascular mass detected at a regular check-up was the most frequent in the delivery group. The median time elapsed between abortion and endovascular management was 36 days, and the median time elapsed after delivery was 31.5 days. TACE was performed more frequently than TAE in the abortion group, while TAE was the more frequent procedure in the delivery group. In 10 and 11 cases, after abortion and delivery, respectively, hysteroscopic resection was performed. Systemic methotrexate administration was additionally done in three and one cases after abortion and delivery, respectively. Uterine preservation was achieved in all cases. This case series emphasizes that endovascular embolization is an effective key intervention with or without additional therapies for uterus-preserving management of retained placenta accreta with marked vascularity after abortion or delivery.