Anticancer research

Modulation of PI3K/PTEN Pathway Does Not Affect Catalytic Activity of PDK1 in Jurkat Cells.

PMID 28982851


Unopposed phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) activity and 3-phosphoinositide production in Jurkat cells, due to a mutation in the phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) tumor-suppressor protein, results in deregulation of PH domain-containing proteins including the serine/threonine kinase PKB. In Jurkat cells, PKB is constitutively active and phosphorylated at the activation-loop residue (Thr308). 3-Phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1), an enzyme that also contains a PH domain, catalyses Thr308 phosphorylation of PKB in addition to other kinase families such as PKC isoforms. It is unknown, however, whether the loss of PTEN in Jurkat cells also results in unregulated PDK1 activity and whether such loss has an impact on activation-loop phosphorylation of other PDK1 substrates e.g. PKC. In this study, we addressed whether loss of PTEN in Jurkat cells affects PDK1 catalytic activity and intracellular localization. We demonstrated that reducing the level of 3-phosphoinositides in Jurkat cells with pharmacological inhibitors of PI3K or expression of PTEN does not affect PDK1 activity or its intracellular localization. We conclude, therefore, that although Jurkat cells lack PTEN expression, only a subset of pathways downstream of PDK1 are perturbed as a consequence of PTEN loss.

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