The American journal of physiology

Support of arterial blood pressure by major pressor systems in conscious dogs.

PMID 2901232


The roles of the autonomic nervous system, vasopressin, and angiotensin II in support of blood pressure were evaluated in seven conscious, resting dogs while hydrated or dehydrated. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) was monitored, and the dogs were given hexamethonium to block autonomic ganglia. Thirty minutes later, they were given captopril, and after another 30 min, a vasopressin V1 antagonist, d(CH2)5TyrMeAVP, was given. The order okf administration of captopril and d(CH2)5TyrMeAVP was alternated in different experiments. Hexamethonium had no effect on steady-state MAP in either hydrated or dehydrated dogs. In hydrated dogs, the average MAP was 100 mmHg; d(CH2)5TyrMeAVP decreased MAP by approximately 12 mmHg, and captopril decreased MAP by 24 mmHg. The magnitude of the effect of these two inhibitors was independent of the order of their administration. Dehydration doubled the effect of d(CH2)5TyrMeAVP on MAP but had no effect on the response to captopril. The results suggest that 1) autonomic function is not essential for maintenance of arterial blood pressure in resting dogs; 2) during autonomic ganglionic blockade, arterial blood pressure is supported by both angiotensin II and vasopressin; and 3) dehydration increases the role of vasopressin in control of blood pressure.

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