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Scientific reports

Danshenol A inhibits TNF-α-induced expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) mediated by NOX4 in endothelial cells.


PMID 29021525

Abstract

ICAM-1 overexpression and subsequent adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial cells play critical roles in the early stage of atherosclerosis. Danshenol A (DA) is an abietane-type diterpenoid isolated from traditional Chinese herb Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. The mechanisms under its regulation of adhesion of molecular expression are explored. Here, the effect of DA on TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression was investigated in endothelial cells. TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression and subsequent adhesion of monocytes, as well as elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and NOX4 expression were all significantly reversed by DA, siNOX4 and NOX4 inhibitor GKT137831. Furthermore, TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression, which was increased via IKKβ/IκBα-mediated activation of NF-κB p65, was also inhibited by DA. Interestingly, NOX4 overexpression suppressed the ICAM-1 expression, and this finding may be ascribed to the activation of Nrf-2. Additionally, NF-κB inhibitor PDTC, siNOX4, or DA can decrease the TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression and suppress the adhesion of monocytes. In all, DA inhibited TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression and subsequent monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells through the NOX4-dependent IKKβ/NF-κB pathway. Besides, NOX4 played dual role in regulating ICAM-1 expression via diverse signal pathway. This novel bioactivity will make DA a good candidate to be further explored for therapeutic or preventive application for atherosclerosis.

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