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Frontiers in aging neuroscience

DJ-1 Inhibits α-Synuclein Aggregation by Regulating Chaperone-Mediated Autophagy.


PMID 29021755

Abstract

α-Synuclein misfolding and aggregation play an important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Loss of function and mutation of the PARK7/DJ-1 gene cause early-onset familial PD. DJ-1 can inhibit α-synuclein aggregation, and may function at an early step in the aggregation process. Soluble wild-type (WT) α-synuclein is mainly degraded by chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA), and impairment of CMA is closely related to the pathogenesis of PD. Here, we investigated whether DJ-1 could reduce α-synuclein accumulation and aggregation by CMA. DJ-1 knockout mice and DJ-1 siRNA knockdown SH-SY5Y cells were used to investigate the potential mechanisms underlying the relationship between DJ-1 deficiency and α-synuclein aggregation. First, we confirmed that DJ-1 deficiency increased the accumulation and aggregation of α-synuclein in both SH-SY5Y cells and PD animal models, and overexpression of DJ-1