Differential interaction between human and murine Crm1 and lentiviral Rev proteins.

PMID 29028476


Mice have multiple obstacles to HIV replication, including a block of unspliced and partially spliced viral mRNA nuclear export. In human, Rev binds to the Rev-response element and human (h) Crm1, facilitating nuclear export of RRE-containing viral RNAs. Murine (m) Crm1 is less functional than hCrm1 in this regard. Here we demonstrated that in biochemical experiments mCrm1 failed to interact with HIV Rev whereas hCrm1 did. In genetic experiments in human cells, we observed a modest but significant differential effect between mCrm1 and hCrm1, which was also true of other lentiviral Revs tested. Triple mutant hCrm1 P411T-M412V-F414S behaved similarly to mCrm1, whereas mCrm1 with T411P-V412M-S414F regained some activity, although contribution of additional residues to its function can not be excluded. Similar results were observed in murine cells. This suggests a differential interaction between hCrm1 and mCrm1 and many lentiviral Revs, which may partially explain the HIV replicative defect in mice.