Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology

Correlation Between Extravasation and Alterations of Cerebrovascular Laminin and β-Dystroglycan Immunoreactivity Following Cryogenic Lesions in Rats.

PMID 29044412


The blood-brain barrier becomes "leaky" following lesions. Former studies revealed that following lesions the immunoreactivity of cerebrovascular laminin becomes detectable whereas that of β-dystroglycan disappears. These alterations may be indicators of glio-vascular decoupling that may result in the impairment of the blood-brain-barrier. This study investigates correlation between the post-lesion extravasation and the above-mentioned immunohistochemical alterations. Following cryogenic lesions, the survival periods lasted 5, 10, 30 minutes, 1 or 12 hours, or 1 day. Some brains were fixed immediately post-lesion. Immunofluorescent reactions were performed in floating sections. The extravasation was detected with immunostaining for plasma fibronectin and rat immunoglobulins. When the survival period was 30 minutes or longer, the area of extravasation corresponded to the area of altered laminin and β-dystroglycan immunoreactivities. Following immediate fixation some laminin immunoreactivity was already detected. The extravasation seemed to precede this early appearance of laminin immunoreactivity. The β-dystroglycan immunoreactivity disappeared later. When the extravasation spread into the corpus callosum, vascular laminin immunoreactivity appeared but the β-dystroglycan immunoreactivity persisted. It seems that extravasation separates the glial and vascular basal laminae, which results in the appearance of laminin immunoreactivity. The disappearance of β-dystroglycan immunoreactivity is neither a condition nor an inevitable consequence of the 2 other phenomena.