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Reversible regulation of ORC2 SUMOylation by PIAS4 and SENP2.


PMID 29050267

Abstract

The small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) system is essential for smooth progression of cell cycle at the G2/M phase. Many centromeric proteins are reversibly SUMOylated to ensure proper chromosome segregation at the mitosis. SUMOylation of centromeric Origin Recognition Complex subunit 2 (ORC2) at the G2/M phase is essential in maintaining genome integrity. However, how ORC2 SUMOylation is regulated remains largely unclear. Here we show that ORC2 SUMOylation is reversibly controlled by SUMO E3 ligase PIAS4 and De-SUMOylase SENP2. Either depletion of PIAS4 or overexpression of SENP2 eliminated SUMOylation of ORC2 at the G/M phase and consequently resulted in abnormal centromeric histone H3 lysine 4 methylation. Cells stably expressing SENP2 protein or small interfering RNA for PIAS4 bypassed mitosis and endoreduplicated their genome to become polyploidy. Furthermore, percentage of polyploid cells is reduced after coexpression of ORC2-SUMO2 fusion protein. Thus, the proper regulation of ORC2 SUMOylation at the G2/M phase by PIAS4 and SENP2 is critical for smooth progression of the mitotic cycle of cells.

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EHU143671 MISSION® esiRNA, esiRNA human PIAS4 (esiRNA1)