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Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology

Plac1 Expression Pattern at the Mouse Fetomaternal Interface and Involvement in Trophoblast Differentiation.


PMID 29055961

Abstract

It is well known that Plac1 is a placenta-specific gene; however, its spatiotemporal expression pattern and exact role at t h e mouse fetomaternal interface r e m a i n s unclear. In situ hybridization (ISH) was used to localize the Plac1 mRNA at the mouse fetomaternal interface. A trophoblast stem cell (TS) differentiation model with Plac1 shRNA-overexpressing lentivirus was employed to investigate the possible role of Plac1 in placentation. Real-time RT-PCR was used to detect changes in gene expression. Plac1 was exclusively expressed in the ectoplacental cone (EPC) as well as in 8.5 and 9.5 days post-coitum (dpc) embryos. Subsequently, Plac1 expression was abundant in the spongiotrophoblast layer and moderately in the labyrinth layer until 13.5 dpc, and declined thereafter. Interestingly, Plac1 was also expressed by secondary trophoblast giant cells and glycogen trophoblast cells, but not in primary trophoblast giant cells. Plac1 transcription was increased during the TS differentiation (P < 0.01), and knockdown of Plac1 significantly impaired TS differentiation. Plac1 is abundantly expressed at the fetomaternal interface and in all trophoblast subtypes except in primary trophoblast giant cells. Plac1 knockdown retarded the progress of TS differentiation, indicating that Plac1 is necessary for normal trophoblast differentiation into various trophoblast subpopulations.

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