Nizatidine. A preliminary review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, and its therapeutic use in peptic ulcer disease.

PMID 2905640


Nizatidine is an H2-receptor antagonist which in animal studies was more active on a weight-for-weight basis than cimetidine in inhibiting basal and stimulated gastric acid secretion. Similarly, studies in humans have confirmed that nizatidine is a potent inhibitor of basal, nocturnal and stimulated gastric acid secretion. As might be expected at this stage of its development, published therapeutic experience with nizatidine is limited. Nevertheless, multicentre therapeutic trials have shown that nizatidine 300mg at bedtime or 150mg twice daily is significantly more effective than placebo for healing active duodenal ulcer, and is apparently as effective as standard doses of ranitidine in increasing the rate of healing of both duodenal and gastric ulcers, and as effective as a standard dose of cimetidine in active duodenal ulcer. When used prophylactically a single 150mg dose of nizatidine at night produces a decrease in the incidence of ulcer recurrence compared with placebo, and a similar rate of decrease to that achieved with ranitidine 150mg. Nizatidine is well tolerated. Unlike cimetidine it does not have any antiandrogenic effects or alter the hepatic metabolism of drugs. However, only wider clinical experience with nizatidine can accurately determine its relative efficacy and tolerability compared with other antiulcer therapy. Thus, early clinical experience suggests that nizatidine is a useful alternative to the histamine H2-receptor antagonists presently in clinical use.