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Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie

Local administration of calcitonin inhibits alveolar bone loss in an experimental periodontitis in rats.


PMID 29107933

Abstract

Calcitonin (CTN), a calcium regulatory hormone, promotes calcium diuresis from the kidney and suppresses bone resorption. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the topical and intermittent application of CTN inhibits alveolar bone resorption using ligature-induced experimental periodontitis in rats. Experimental periodontitis was induced by placing a nylon ligature around maxillary molars of 8-week-old male Wistar rats for 20 days. Thirty-two rats were divided into four groups: basal sham control group, periodontitis group, periodontitis plus 0.2 U CTN (low dose), and periodontitis plus 1.0 U CTN (high dose) group. To investigate the effects of CTN on alveolar bone resorption, CTN was topically injected into the palatal gingivae every 2 days after ligature removal (day 0). Micro-computed tomography (CT) analysis was performed for linear parameter assessment of alveolar bone on day 5 and day 14. Periodontal tissues were examined histo-pathologically to assess the differences among the study groups. Micro-CT images showed that alveolar bone resorption was induced statistically around the molar of ligatured rats on day 5 and day 14. The amount of bone resorption was more severe on day 14 than that on day 5. On day 5, only high-dose CTN treatment significantly suppressed bone resorption. In addition, both doses of CTN significantly suppressed bone resorption on day 14. Histological examination clarified that there were fewer TRAP-positive cells in the CTN treatment groups than in the periodontitis group on day 5. Local administration of CTN decreased alveolar bone resorption by regulating osteoclast activation in rats with periodontitis.