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Assay and drug development technologies

Utility of Adenosine Monophosphate Detection System for Monitoring the Activities of Diverse Enzyme Reactions.


PMID 29120675

Abstract

Adenosine monophosphate (AMP) is a key cellular metabolite regulating energy homeostasis and signal transduction. AMP is also a product of various enzymatic reactions, many of which are dysregulated during disease conditions. Thus, monitoring the activities of these enzymes is a primary goal for developing modulators for these enzymes. In this study, we demonstrate the versatility of an enzyme-coupled assay that quantifies the amount of AMP produced by any enzymatic reaction regardless of its substrates. We successfully implemented it to enzyme reactions that use adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as a substrate (aminoacyl tRNA synthetase and DNA ligase) by an elaborate strategy of removing residual ATP and converting AMP produced into ATP; so it can be detected using luciferase/luciferin and generating light. We also tested this assay to measure the activities of AMP-generating enzymes that do not require ATP as substrate, including phosphodiesterases (cyclic adenosine monophosphate) and Escherichia coli DNA ligases (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide [NAD

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