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Journal of bioscience and bioengineering

Effect of saturation in phospholipid/fatty acid monolayers on interaction with amyloid β peptide.


PMID 29175122

Abstract

The effect of the saturation of fatty acid (FA) in 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocoline (DMPC)/FA membrane on the interaction between lipid membrane and amyloid β monomer was investigated by using the Langmuir monolayer technique. The surface pressure (Π)-mean molecular area (A) isotherms and fluorescent measurements reveal that DMPC and octadecanoic acid (stearic acid, SA) molecules were somewhat miscible in the mixed membrane, which was maintained to homogeneous gel phase by enhance of the intermolecular hydrophobic interactions because of the all trans acyl chains. On the other hand, DMPC and 9Z,12Z-octadecadienoic acid (linoleic acid, LA) molecules were considered to be well miscible in the mixed membrane, where the membrane partially transferred from gel phase to liquid-crystalline phase. The Π-A isotherms of the monolayers on amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) solution indicated that Aβ monomers tend to be inserted into the saturated acyl chain region of monolayers at low surface pressure and that the Aβ monomers were then extruded from the monolayer at higher surface pressure. It was observed that behaviors of Aβ monomers at higher surface pressure depended on membrane microstructures. In the DMPC/SA monolayers, Aβ aggregated and then was extruded from monolayers at about 20 mN m-1 of surface pressure irrespective of the SA proportion. On the other hand, in the DMPC/LA monolayers, Aβ, which favors to interact with DMPC, is dispersed in the monolayer even at high surface pressure because DMPC and LA molecules were well miscible in the monolayer.

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