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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Role of a partially purified glutathione S-transferase from rat liver nuclei in the inhibition of nuclear lipid peroxidation.


PMID 2930795

Abstract

Glutathione protects isolated rat liver nuclei against lipid peroxidation by inducing a lag period prior to the onset of peroxidation. This GSH-dependent protection was abolished by exposing isolated nuclei to the glutathione S-transferase inhibitor S-octylglutathione. In incubations containing 0.2 mM S-octylglutathione, the GSH-induced lag period was reduced from 30 to 5 min. S-Octylglutathione (0.2 mM) also completely inhibited nuclear glutathione S-transferase activity and reduced glutathione peroxidase activity by 85%. About 70% of the glutathione S-transferase activity associated with isolated nuclei was solubilized with 0.3% Triton X-100. This solubilized glutathione S-transferase activity was partially purified by utilizing a S-hexylglutathione affinity column. The partially purified nuclear glutathione S-transferase exhibited glutathione peroxidase activity towards lipid hydroperoxides in solution. The data from the present study indicate that a glutathione S-transferase associated with the nucleus may contribute to glutathione-dependent protection of isolated nuclei against lipid peroxidation. Evidence was obtained which indicates that this enzyme is distinct from the microsomal glutathione S-transferase.

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O5502
S-Octylglutathione
C18H33N3O6S