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Scientific reports

Analysis of mitochondrial function in human induced pluripotent stem cells from patients with mitochondrial diabetes due to the A3243G mutation.


PMID 29343702

Abstract

We previously established human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells in two diabetic patients from different families with the mitochondrial A3243G mutation and isolated isogenic iPS cell clones with either undetectable or high levels of the mutation in both patients. In the present study, we analyzed the mitochondrial functions of two mutation-undetectable and two mutation-high clones in each patient through four methods to assess complex I activity, mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial respiration, and mitochondrial ATP production. In the first patient, complex I activity, mitochondrial respiration, and mitochondrial ATP production were decreased in the mutation-high clones compared with the mutation-undetectable clones, and mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased in a mutation-high clone compared with a mutation-undetectable clone. In the second patient, complex I activity was decreased in one mutation-high clone compared with the other clones. The other parameters showed no differences in any clones. In addition, the complex I activity and mitochondrial respiration of the mutation-undetectable clones from both patients were located in the range of those of iPS cells from healthy subjects. The present study suggests that the mitochondrial function of the mutation-undetectable iPS cell clones obtained from two patients with the A3243G mutation is comparable to the control iPS cells.

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