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Journal of the science of food and agriculture

GC-MS olfactometric and LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS characterization of key odorants and phenolic compounds in black dry-salted olives.


PMID 29388215

Abstract

Olives are processed in different ways depending on consumption habits, which vary between countries. Different de-bittering methods affect the aroma and aroma-active compounds of table olives. This study focused on analyzing the aroma and aroma-active compounds of black dry-salted olives using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-olfactometry (GC-MS-O) techniques. Thirty-nine volatile compounds which they have a total concentration of 29 459 µg kg-1 , were determined. Aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) was used to determine key aroma compounds of table olives. Based on the flavor dilution (FD) factor, the most powerful aroma-active compounds in the sample were methyl-2-methyl butyrate (tropical, sweet; FD: 512) and (Z)-3-hexenol (green, flowery; FD: 256). Phenolic compounds in table olives were also analyzed by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS. A total of 20 main phenolic compounds were identified and the highest content of phenolic compound was luteolin-7-glucoside (306 mg kg-1 ), followed by verbascoside (271 mg kg-1 ), oleuropein (231 mg kg-1 ), and hydroxytyrosol (3,4-DHPEA) (221 mg kg-1 ). Alcohols, carboxylic acids, and lactones were qualitatively and quantitatively the dominant volatiles in black dry-salted olives. Results indicated that esters and alcohols were the major aroma-active compounds. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.

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