FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Skeletal cell YAP and TAZ combinatorially promote bone development.

PMID 29401582


The functions of the paralogous transcriptional coactivators Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) in bone are controversial. Each has been observed to promote or inhibit osteogenesis in vitro, with reports of both equivalent and divergent functions. Their combinatorial roles in bone physiology are unknown. We report that combinatorial YAP/TAZ deletion from skeletal lineage cells, using Osterix-Cre, caused an osteogenesis imperfecta-like phenotype with severity dependent on allele dose and greater phenotypic expressivity with homozygous TAZ vs. YAP ablation. YAP/TAZ deletion decreased bone accrual and reduced intrinsic bone material properties through impaired collagen content and organization. These structural and material defects produced spontaneous fractures, particularly in mice with homozygous TAZ deletion and caused neonatal lethality in dual homozygous knockouts. At the cellular level in vivo, YAP/TAZ ablation reduced osteoblast activity and increased osteoclast activity, in an allele dose-dependent manner, impairing bone accrual and remodeling. Transcriptionally, YAP/TAZ deletion and small-molecule inhibition of YAP/TAZ interaction with the transcriptional coeffector TEAD reduced osteogenic and collagen-related gene expression, both in vivo and in vitro. These data demonstrate that YAP and TAZ combinatorially promote bone development through regulation of osteoblast activity, matrix quality, and osteoclastic remodeling.-Kegelman, C. D., Mason, D. E., Dawahare, J. H., Horan, D. J., Vigil, G. D., Howard, S. S., Robling, A. G., Bellido, T. M., Boerckel, J. D. Skeletal cell YAP and TAZ combinatorially promote bone development.

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