Journal of molecular neuroscience : MN

Trichostatin A and Sirtinol Regulate the Expression and Nucleocytoplasmic Shuttling of Histone Deacetylases in All-Trans Retinoic Acid-Induced Differentiation of Neuroblastoma Cells.

PMID 29516351


Neuroblastoma cell differentiation is a valuable model for studying therapeutic methods in neuroblastoma and the mechanisms of neuronal differentiation. Here, we used trichostatin A (TSA) and sirtinol, which are inhibitors of cHDACs and sirtuins, respectively, to show that classical histone deacetylases (cHDACs) and sirtuins (silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog; SIRTs) affect all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-induced differentiation of neuroblastoma cells. After first determining neurite elongation and expression levels of tyrosine hydroxylase and high size neurofilament as useful differentiation markers, we observed that TSA increased neuroblastoma cell differentiation, while sirtinol had the antagonistic effect of decreasing it. The changes were also associated with the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of cHDACs and sirtuins. ATRA significantly decreased the nuclear to cytoplasmic ratio of SIRT1 and SIRT2.1, while sirtinol inhibited that of SIRT1, and TSA increased that of SIRT1 and SIRT2.1 during early differentiation. Moreover, the effect of the sirtinol-related signal was located upstream for cHDACs and sirtuins total expression, and downstream for their subcellular localization compared with that for the TSA-related signal. These results provide a mechanistic understanding of differentiation in neuroblastoma cells and indicate that cHDACs and sirtuins are critical therapeutic targets for neuroblastoma.