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Journal of biomaterials applications

Synthesis of a novel biomedical poly(ester urethane) based on aliphatic uniform-size diisocyanate and the blood compatibility of PEG-grafted surfaces.


PMID 29547018

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to offer a novel kind of polyurethane with improved surface blood compatibility for long-term implant biomaterials. In this work, the aliphatic poly(ester-urethane) (PEU) with uniform-size hard segments was prepared and the PEU surface was grafted with hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). The PEU was obtained by chain-extension of poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) with isocyanate-terminated urethane triblock. Free amino groups were introduced onto the surface of PEU film via aminolysis with hexamethylenediamine, and then the NH2-grafted PEU surfaces (PEU-NH2) were reacted with isocyanate-terminated monomethoxyl PEG (MPEG-NCO) to obtain the PEG-grafted PEU surfaces (PEU-PEG). Analysis by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and gel permeation chromatography were performed to confirm the chemical structures of the chain extender, PCL, PEU, and PEU-PEG. Additionally, the influence of aminolysis on the physical-mechanical properties of PEU films was investigated. Two glass transition temperatures and a broad endothermic peak were observed in the differential scanning calorimetry curves of PEU, which demonstrated a microphase-separated and semicrystalline structure, respectively. The PEU-PEG film exhibited excellent mechanical properties with an ultimate stress of ∼39 MPa and an elongation at break of ∼1190%, which was slightly lower than that of PEU, indicating that the aminolysis has little influence on the tensile properties. Evaluation of the blood compatibility of the films by bovine serum albumin adsorption and the platelet adhesion test revealed that the PEG-grafted surface had improved resistance to protein adsorption and excellent resistance to platelet adhesion. In vitro degradation tests showed that the PEU-PEG film could maintain its mechanical properties for more than six months and only lost ∼25% weight after 18 months. Due to the excellent mechanical properties, good blood compatibility and slow degradability, this novel kind of polyurethane hold significant promise for long-term implant biomaterials, especially soft tissue augmentation and regeneration.