Oncology letters

The effects of vitamin B6 compounds on cell proliferation and melanogenesis in B16F10 melanoma cells.

PMID 29552155


B16F10 murine melanoma cells are frequently used for the study of cancer and melanogenesis. The cells are usually cultured in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium, with the addition of 20 µM pyridoxal (PL) or pyridoxine (PN) for vitamin B6. The difference between these vitamin B6 compounds is thought not to affect cell proliferation, whereas their influence on other physiological effects is poorly understood. In the present study, the effects of PL and PN on cell proliferation and melanogenesis in B16F10 cells were compared. At 500 µM PL significantly suppressed cell growth but the growth inhibitory effect of PN was weak. Although neither of the vitamin B6 compounds affected cell growth at 20 µM, melanogenesis was suppressed by 20 µM PL compared with the effect of PN. In addition, the expression levels of tyrosinase, which is the rate-limiting enzyme, correlated with the melanin content. The results of the present study indicate that PL may be more useful for melanoma therapy and suppression of skin pigmentation than PN. The results also signify the importance of medium selection for cell culture.