European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences

Injectable PLGA Adefovir microspheres; the way for long term therapy of chronic hepatitis-B.

PMID 29555501


For patient convenience, sustained release Adefovir Poly-d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) microspheres were formulated to relieve the daily use of the drug which is a problem for patients treated from chronic hepatitis-B. PLGA microspheres were prepared and characterized by entrapment efficiency, particle size distribution and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In-vitro release and in-vivo studies were carried out. Factors such as drug: polymer ratio, polymer viscosity and polymer lactide content were found to be important variables for the preparation of PLGA Adefovir microspheres. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were performed to determine any drug-polymer interactions. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was employed to analyze the pharmacokinetic parameters after intramuscular injection of the pure drug and the selected PLGA microspheres into rats. FTIR and DSC revealed a significant interaction between the drug and the polymer. Reports of SEM before and after 1 and 24 h release showed that the microspheres had nonporous smooth surface even after 24 h release. The entrapment efficiency ranged between 55.83 and 86.95% and in-vitro release studies were continued for 16, 31 and 90 days. The pharmacokinetic parameters and statistical analysis showed a significant increase in the Tmax, AUC0-t and MRT, and a significant decrease in the Cmax of the tested formulation (p < 0.05). Results demonstrated that PLGA Adefovir microspheres could be used for long-term treatment of chronic hepatitis-B instead of the daily dose used by the patient.

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Adefovir, ≥98% (HPLC)