Cancer biology & therapy

Natural dietary compound naringin prevents azoxymethane/dextran sodium sulfate-induced chronic colorectal inflammation and carcinogenesis in mice.

PMID 29580144


Naringin, a natural occurring flavonoid compound, enriches in citrus fruits. We aimed to evaluate the inhibitory effect of naringin on colitis and chronic inflammation-driven carcinogenesis. Male C57BL/6 mice were exposed to AOM/DSS to induce colorectal inflammation and carcinogenesis. Naringin by oral administration prevented AOM/DSS-induced ulcerative colitis and carcinogenesis without significant side effects. Naringin attenuated the severity of colitis and colorectal adenomas through inhibiting myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), pro-inflammatory mediators GM-CSF/M-CSF, IL-6 and TNF-α and the NF-κB/IL-6/STAT3 cascades in colorectal tissues. Naringin-treated mice exhibited normalized structures of colorectal tissues. Electron microscopy analysis showed the suppression of robust endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced autophagy. Naringin inhibited the secretion of the ER-spanning transmembrane proteins, such as GRP78 ATF6, IRE1α and activated PERK phosphorylated eIF-2α and complex of autophagosomes ATG3, ATG5, ATG7, ATG12, ATG16 and ATG16L1 in the colorectal mucosal cells. Naringin prevented colitis and colorectal carcinogenesis through suppressing robust ER stress-induced autophagy in colorectal mucosal cells. Naringin could develop a promising therapeutic agent for the prevention of ulcerative colitis and colorectal tumor.