Mikrochimica acta

Microextraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by using a stainless steel fiber coated with nanoparticles made from a porous aromatic framework.

PMID 29594554


A porous aromatic framework of type PAF-6 was synthesized and explored as a coating onto a steel wire for using in solid-phase microextraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), phthalate plasticizers, and n-alkanes. The extraction temperature, extraction time, salt concentration, agitation speed, desorption temperature, and desorption time were optimized. This method for SPME resulted in the enrichment factors ranging from 122 to 1090 for PAHs (naphthalene, acenaphthene, fluorene, phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene), from 122 to 271 for plasticizers (diisobutyl phthalate, dibutyl phthalate, benzyl butyl phthalate, dicyclohexyl phthalate), and from 9 to 113 for n-alkanes (n-undecane, n-dodecane, n-tridecane, n-tetradecane, n-pentadecane, n-hexadecane, n-octadecane and n-eicosane). The good extraction of the PAHs is assumed to be due to their π-stacking interaction and hydrophobic effect. The PAF-6 coated fibers are durable and can be reused more than 100 times without significant loss of extraction performance. In combination with GC-MS detection, the method has limits of detection in the range from 0.8 to 4.2 ng L