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The Journal of surgical research

GYY4137 protects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury via activation of the PHLPP-1/Akt/Nrf2 signaling pathway in diabetic mice.


PMID 29605032

Abstract

This study explores the protective effects of a hydrogen sulfide donor, morpholin-4-ium 4-methoxyphenyl-morpholino-phosphinodithioate (GYY4137), in the hearts of diabetic mice that had been subjected to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Diabetes impairs the Akt pathway, in which the Akt protein is dephosphorylated and inactivated by PH domain leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase-1 (PHLPP-1). However, the function of PHLPP-1 and molecular mechanism that underlies the cardiac protection exerted by GYY4137 remains unknown. Diabetic or nondiabetic mice were subjected to 45 min of coronary artery occlusion followed by 2 h of reperfusion. H9c2 cells were cultured with normal or high glucose and then subjected to 3 h of hypoxia followed by 6 h of reoxygenation. Pretreatment with GYY4137 was performed in a randomized manner before ischemia/reperfusion or hypoxia/reoxygenation. The infarct size, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and oxidative stress were measured. Western blotting was conducted to elucidate the protective mechanism. Diabetic mice or H9c2 cells exposed to high glucose displayed a larger infarct size, more severe cardiomyocyte apoptosis, lower cell viability, and increased oxidative stress, which were associated with increased levels of PHLPP-1 and reduced levels of p-Akt and nuclear factor-erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) protein expression. These changes were prevented/reversed by GYYG4137 pretreatment. At the cellular level, PHLPP-1 siRNA attenuated cellular injury, and this was associated with increased p-Akt and nuclear Nrf2 protein, whereas the decrement of Akt phosphorylation induced by LY294002 augmented cellular injury and decreased nuclear Nrf2. GYY4137 activates the PHLPP-1/Akt/Nrf2 pathway to protect against diabetic myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury.