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ACS nano

Analysis of Multiplexed Nanosensor Arrays Based on Near-Infrared Fluorescent Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes.


PMID 29614219

Abstract

The high-throughput, label-free detection of biomolecules remains an important challenge in analytical chemistry with the potential of nanosensors to significantly increase the ability to multiplex such assays. In this work, we develop an optical sensor array, printable from a single-walled carbon nanotube/chitosan ink and functionalized to enable a divalent ion-based proximity quenching mechanism for transducing binding between a capture protein or an antibody with the target analyte. Arrays of 5 × 6, 200 μm near-infrared (nIR) spots at a density of ≈300 spots/cm2 are conjugated with immunoglobulin-binding proteins (proteins A, G, and L) for the detection of human IgG, mouse IgM, rat IgG2a, and human IgD. Binding kinetics are measured in a parallel, multiplexed fashion from each sensor spot using a custom laser scanning imaging configuration with an nIR photomultiplier tube detector. These arrays are used to examine cross-reactivity, competitive and nonspecific binding of analyte mixtures. We find that protein G and protein L functionalized sensors report selective responses to mouse IgM on the latter, as anticipated. Optically addressable platforms such as the one examined in this work have potential to significantly advance the real-time, multiplexed biomolecular detection of complex mixtures.

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