American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology

Role of lipolysis in postoral and oral fat preferences in mice.

PMID 29668321


Fatty acid receptors in the mouth and gut are implicated in the appetite for fat-rich foods. The role of lipolysis in oral- and postoral-based fat preferences of C57BL/6J mice was investigated by inhibiting lipase enzymes with orlistat. Experiment 1 showed that postoral lipolysis is required: mice learned to prefer (by 70%) a flavored solution paired with intragastric infusions of 5% soybean oil but not a flavor paired with soybean oil + orlistat (4 mg/g fat) infusions. Experiments 2-4 tested the oral attraction to oil in mice given brief choice tests that minimize postoral effects. In experiment 2, the same low orlistat dose did not reduce the strong (83-94%) preference for 2.5 or 5% soybean oil relative to fat-free vehicle in 3-min tests. Mice in experiment 3 given choice tests between two fat emulsions (2% triolein, corn oil, or soybean oil) with or without orlistat at a high dose (250 mg/g fat) preferred triolein (72%) and soybean oil (67%) without orlistat to the oil with orlistat but were indifferent to corn oil with and without orlistat. In experiment 4, mice preferred 2% triolein (62%) or soybean oil (89%) to vehicle when both choices contained orlistat (250 mg/g fat). Fatty acid receptors are thus essential for postoral but not oral-based preferences. Both triglyceride and fatty acid taste receptors may mediate oral fat preferences.