Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA

Changes in trophoblasts gene expression in response to perchlorate exposition.

PMID 29673971


Contaminated water with chlorates is a public health problem associated with iodine deficiency. Epidemiological evidence shows that iodine deficiency is a risk factor for preeclampsia (PE). In this study we use human BeWo trophoblast cells exposed to perchlorate (KClO4) and changes in gene expression were analyzed by microarrays, quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunoblot. The microarray analysis identified 48 transcripts up-regulated and 112 down-regulated in comparison with non-exposed trophoblast. The qRT-PCR analysis confirmed changes in GAS7, PKP2, Emilin, Dynatic 3, protocadherins 11, 15, gamma A12, EGFR, SAFB1, ACE2, ANXA2, Apoliprotein E, SREBF1, and C/EBP-β. KClO4 exposition decreased the mRNA and protein of C/EBP-β and GPX4. Also, we observed a nuclear translocation of HIF1α protein, and increase in both Snail and ACE2 protein by immunoblot. These effects were accompanied by an increases in ROS and nitric oxide. In conclusion, our results show that exposure to KClO4 alters genes involved in migration, adhesion, differentiation, and correlate with the increase of oxidative stress and nitric oxide production in trophoblast cells. It is possible that iodine deficiency is associated with these processes. However, further studies are required to corroborate the role of iodine in trophoblast cells.