Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

High-throughput, simultaneous quantitation of hemoglobin adducts of acrylamide, glycidamide, and ethylene oxide using UHPLC-MS/MS.

PMID 29684911


Ethylene oxide (EO), acrylamide (AA) and glycidamide (GA) exposures are associated with mammary tumors in animals. Currently available information about human exposure to these chemicals is limited creating the need for analytical methods to assess their exposure. We developed a sensitive ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method to simultaneously quantitate hemoglobin (Hb) N-terminal valine adducts of AA (HbAA), GA (HbGA), and EO (HbEO) using modified Edman reaction. The limits of detection of this method were 3.9, 4.9 and 12.9 in pmol/g Hb for HbAA, HbGA and HbEO, respectively. The among-day and within-day precision for all analytes determined with three levels of quality control pools ranged from 2.2-13.0% in percent coefficient of variation (%CV). The accuracy determined by standard addition was between 94 and 111% among all analytes. The median HbAA, HbGA and HbEO values in 34 self-reported non-smokers were 64.9, 45.3 and 113.6 pmol/g Hb and in 70 self-reported smokers were 127.8, 69.6 and 237.1 pmol/g Hb, respectively. HbAA, HbGA, and HbEO were detectable in all samples suggesting that the described method is suitable for measuring hemoglobin adducts of AA, GA and EO in the general population. This high throughput method can process 148 samples in 8 h. The HbEO/HbGA ratio appears independent of the HbAA levels in non-smokers and decreases with increasing HbAA concentration in smokers. This new method is suitable for measuring human exposure to AA, GA and EO and can provide further insight into the metabolism of these chemicals in humans.

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Pentafluorophenyl isothiocyanate, ≥97.0% (GC)