Journal of chromatography. A

Enantiomeric separation of triacylglycerols containing very long chain fatty acids.

PMID 29729864


Enantiomers of triacylglycerols (TAGs) containing any combination of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) and/or very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLCPUFAs) with diolein, dilinolein and didocosahexaenoin were synthesized. Gradient non-aqueous reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography/high resolution atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (NARP-HPLC/HRMS2-APCI) and chiral liquid chromatography were used for the separation and identification of molecular species of these TAGs. Further, NARP-LC and chiral LC were used to separate natural mixtures of TAGs obtained from four natural sources, i.e. ximenia oil (Ximenia americana), green alga (Botryococcus braunii), breweŕs yeast (Saccharomyces pastorianus) and a dinoflagellate (Amphidinium carterae). The ratio of regioisomers and enantiomers in individual samples was determined and a hypothesis has been confirmed on the biosynthetic pathway of natural TAGs, which is based on the preferential representation of VLCFAs and VLCPUFAs in the sn-1 position of the glycerol backbone.