Kidney international

Effect of synthetic human atrial natriuretic peptide (102-126) in nephrotic syndrome.

PMID 2974095


Synthetic human ANP (102-126) or vehicle was intravenously administered to eight patients with non-edematous nephrotic syndrome to study its effect on protein and sodium excretion. ANP was given in ascending doses, each dose for one hour, two to three days apart. Four patients received 0.03, 0.10 and 0.45 microgram/kg/min of ANP, and four received 0.015, 0.06 and 0.20 microgram/kg/min. Natriuresis increased at all doses; by 179 +/- 13.6% (mean +/- SEM; P less than 0.05) at 0.015 microgram/kg/min and by 660 +/- 71.5% (P less than 0.01) at 0.20 microgram/kg/min. Urinary albumin excretion increased by 138 +/- 30.1% (P less than 0.05) at 0.015 microgram/kg/min of ANP and by 534 +/- 132% (P less than 0.01) at 0.20 microgram/kg/min. Immunoglobulin G excretion increased proportionally to albumin excretion. Hematocrit and serum albumin concentration increased after ANP. In each patient the percent reduction of plasma volume calculated from the effect on serum albumin was smaller than the hemoconcentration calculated from the effect on hematocrit, suggesting a loss of albumin from the intravascular compartment. This could not be accounted for by the increased glomerular filtration of albumin. Blood pressure and effective renal plasma flow decreased and filtration fraction increased after ANP. Plasma renin was suppressed at lower doses of ANP but was stimulated, together with plasma noradrenaline, at higher doses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)